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Melchora Aquino-Ramos

Title Details
  • Melchora Aquino-Ramos
  • 1896
  • Men and women in the Philippine Revolution against Spain/Philippine-American War
  • 1896
  • deportation
  • elderly
  • exile
  • exiles
  • guam
  • kalookan
  • katipunan supporters
  • pasong tamo
  • spanish ship churruca
  • tandang sora
  • women in the revolution
Material Type
  • VM
  • Visual material
Online Sources
  • With prints
  • Filipinas Heritage Library
Image Type
  • Reproduction: Photoengraving
Item Call Number PP00281
Status Available
Barcode PP00281
Local Free-text Call Number (oclc)
  • Classification number - PP00281
Title Statement
  • Title - Melchora Aquino-Ramos
General Note
  • General note - The octogenarian widow of Pasong Tamo, Kalookan, better known as Tandang Sora, was a staunch supporter of the Katipunan. This photo was taken on September 2, 1896, before she boarded the Spanish ship Churruca for Guam, where she had been ordered deported with 56 other Filipinos. Photoengraving of aged woman in whose land the Katipunan decided to revolt in 1896. Melchora Aquino, or Tandang Sora, is known as the "Mother of the Katipunan." During the Revolution in 1896, she gave temporary shelter, food and other provisions to the rebels who rushed to her son''s place in Pugadlawin when pursued by the guardias civiles shortly after the discovery of the Katipunan. She was arrested, brought to the Novaliches convent for questioning, taken to the Cuartel de EspaƱa in Intramuros, and imprisoned in Bilibid. Four days later, on September 2, 1896, she was exiled to Guam and on board a ship on her way there, met a rich resident of Guam named Justo Dunca. She served as a governess in his house for about six months. On February 26, 1903, she sailed back to the Philippines and thereafter lived with her children in Caloocan. This "Grand Old Woman of the Revolution" was born in Banlat, Caloocan, Rizal. She was the daughter of Juan and Valentina Aquino who named her after one of the three wise men of the East at the time of Christ''s birth, whose feast was being celebrated on the day Melchora was born: January 6, 1812. She was married to Fulgencio Ramos, by whom she had six children: Juan, Simon, Estefania, Saturnina, Romualdo and Juana. On March 12, 1919, she died in Caloocan at the age of 107. Her remains lie in the Mausoleum of the Veterans of the Philippine Revolution at the La Loma Catholic Cemetery in Manila.
Additional Physical Form Available Note
  • Additional physical form available note - With prints
Ownership And Custodial History
  • History - Filipinas Heritage Library
Subject Chronological Term
  • Chronological term - 1896
Subject Topical Term
  • Topical term or geographic name as entry element - Men and women in the Philippine Revolution against Spain/Philippine-American War
Subject Faceted Topical Term
  • Focus term - 1896
  • Focus term - deportation
  • Focus term - elderly
  • Focus term - exile
  • Focus term - exiles
  • Focus term - guam
  • Focus term - kalookan
  • Focus term - katipunan supporters
  • Focus term - pasong tamo
  • Focus term - spanish ship churruca
  • Focus term - tandang sora
  • Focus term - women in the revolution